The basic steps of the scientific method are: 1) make an observation that describes a problem, 2) create a hypothesis, 3) test the hypothesis, and 4) draw conclusions and refine the hypothesis the major precepts of the scientific method employed by all scientific disciplines are verifiability, predictability, falsifiability, and fairness. What is biological psychology biological psychology, or biopsychology, is a field in which the mind-body connection is explored through scientific research and clinical practice researchers in this field study the biological basis of thoughts, emotions and behaviors. –1st true experimental lab in psychology objective introspection –examining and measuring one’s own thoughts and mental activities •trained volunteers to observe, analyze and describe their own sensations, mental images and emotional reactions name which of the following early psychologists would have been most likely to agree with. The stanley milgram experiment was created to explain some of the concentration camp-horrors of the world war 2, where jews, gypsies, homosexuals, slavs and other enemies of the state were slaughtered by nazis.
- [voiceover] the milgram study is one of the most famous studies in all of psychology, and it demonstrated that regular everyday people will comply with an authority figure even if it means going against their own moral values and harming others. Thinking critically with psychological science a correlation between two events or behaviors means only that one event can be objective 8: describe positive and negative correlations, and explain how correlational measures can aid the process of prediction from the other rashad, who is participating in a psychology experiment on the. Ap psychology practice question question design and describe an experiment to measure the relationship between rehearsal/repetition of a list of words and later recall of that same list of words.
Cognitive psychology is the scientific investigation of human cognition, that is, all our mental abilities – perceiving, learning, remembering, thinking, reasoning, and understanding the term “cognition” stems from the latin word “ cognoscere” or to know fundamentally, cognitive psychology studies how people acquire and apply knowledge or information. Case studies, surveys, naturalistic observation, and laboratory observation are examples of descriptive or correlational research methodsusing these methods, researchers can describe different events, experiences, or behaviors and look for links between them. Unit 1: psychology's history and approaches 1 which of the following best describes the view of the mind held by plato and socrates a the mind should be studied through careful, empirical observations. Schemes on the basis of one year’s document should be avoided whilst the guiding principles of approaches in psychology 01 which two of the following statements about the fight or flight response are correct [2 marks] conducting experiments such as that described in question 03above [2 marks] marks for this question: ao3 = 2.
Psychology advanced unit 4: how psychology works describe one research method used to study schizophrenia (4) experiment you should consider the following issues (there are others): • design • variables • ethical issues • type of data and how it would be gathered. One of the most useful generalizations in psychology is that “behavior is adaptive” explain this generalization and then identify each of the following and describe how each could be adaptive. The children are given the same instructions by one of the day-care personnel and watch the tv programs in identical environments following the tv program, the children play for. Psy 285: exam 1 - ch 1 - 5 study play which of the following in experimental method ensures that an extraneous variable is just as likely to affect one experimental group as it is to affect the other group randomization. One important kind of descriptive research in psychology is the case study, which uses interviews, observation, or records to gain an in-depth understanding of a single person, group, or phenomenon.
Descriptivewhen a study is designed primarily to describe what is going on or what exists public opinion polls that seek only to describe the proportion of people who hold various opinions are primarily descriptive in nature causalwhen a study is designed to determine whether one or more variables (eg, a program or treatment variable. The notorious milgrim study is one of the most well known of psychology experiments stanley milgram, a social psychologist at yale university, wanted to test obedience to authority he set up an experiment with “teachers” who were the actual participants, and a “learner,” who was an actor. Chapter 1 the science of psychology many people believe that women tend to talk more than men—with some even suggesting that this difference has a biological basis one widely cited estimate is that women speak 20,000 words per day on average and men speak only 7,000.
Milgram's obedience experiment is one of the most famous studies in psychology's history learn what it revealed and the moral questions it raised. Which of the following is a reason why a researcher may design an experiment with more than two levels of an independent variable a design with only two levels of an independent variable cannot provide much information about the exact form of the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. A researcher conducts an experiment in which half of the number of participants read a story designed to reduce prejudice (story group), whereas the other half read material unrelated to prejudice (control group.